TỔNG THỐNG MỸ ĐÃ KÝ BAN HÀNH LUẬT NDAA 2019: Ban of Dahua and Hikvision

Thảo luận trong 'Hàng giảm giá & Thanh lý' bắt đầu bởi songnhac, 17/8/18.

  1. songnhac

    songnhac New Member

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    Tổng Thống Donald Trump ký ban hành thành đạo luật NDAA 2019: Cấm sử dụng thiết bị và công nghệ quan sát của 2 hãng sản xuất HikvisionDahua (China)

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    Ban of Dahua and Hikvision is Now US Gov Law
    Author: John Honovich, Published on Aug 13, 2018
    The US President has signed the 2019 NDAA into law, banning the use of Dahua and Hikvision (and their OEMs) for the US government, for US government-funded contracts and possibly for 'critical infrastructure' and 'national security' usage.

    This completes the legal process that started in May with the US House passing the bill with the ban and the August 1st Senate passing of the bill.

    Direct Impact - Stop Purchasing and Removals

    The ban technically starts one year after signing into law, which will be August 13, 2019. However, since the ban includes both purchasing and using existing equipment, it effectively starts immediately since it would make little practical sense to buy equipment today to have to remove it in 12 months.

    For help, see our Dahua OEM Directory and Hikvision OEM Directory.

    The impact outside of the US could be significant as well since many countries and organizations will see this as a negative signal about the security and trustworthiness of these products.

    Tạm dịch:
    Tổng thống Mỹ đã ký và ban hành đạo luật NDAA 2019. Theo đó, cấm sử dụng 2 nhãn hiệu Dahua và Hikvision (và các OEM - Original Equipment Manufacturer - của họ) cho chính phủ Hoa Kỳ, cho các hợp đồng do chính phủ tài trợ và có thể sử dụng cho "cơ sở hạ tầng quan trọng" và "an ninh quốc gia".

    Điều này hoàn thành quy trình pháp lý bắt đầu vào tháng 5 vừa rồi khi quốc hội Hoa Kỳ thông qua dự luật với lệnh cấm và đã được Thượng Viện Hoa Kỳ thông qua vào ngày 1 tháng 8.

    Tác động trực tiếp - Ngừng mua và xóa bỏ
    Lệnh cấm về mặt kỹ thuật sẽ bắt đầu một năm sau khi ký thành luật, tức là ngày 13 tháng 8 năm 2019. Tuy nhiên, vì lệnh cấm bao gồm cả mua và sử dụng thiết bị hiện có, cho nên lệnh cấm sẽ được bắt đầu ngay lập tức vì nó sẽ có ý nghĩa thiết thực hơn là khi mua thiết bị ngay hôm nay nhưng phải loại bỏ nó trong 12 tháng sau.

    Để được trợ giúp, hãy xem danh sách các OEM của Dahua và OEM của Hikvision

    Tác động bên ngoài Hoa Kỳ có thể là đáng kể vì nhiều quốc gia và tổ chức sẽ coi đây là tín hiệu tiêu cực về tính bảo mật và độ tin cậy của các sản phẩm này (thiết bị quan sát của Hikvision và Dahua)

    Links: https://ipvm.com/reports/ban-law
     
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  2. songnhac

    songnhac New Member

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    Sau lệnh cấm của Mỹ tới lệnh cấm HikVission từ Úc và Pháp

    Australia and French National TV Investigate Hikvision, Australia Military To Remove Hikvision Cameras

    An Australian National TV investigation on Chinese video surveillance has put a spotlight on Hikvision, including a promise from Australia's defense department to remove all other identified Hikvision cameras across Australia's military.

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    The in-depth report comes only two days after a French national broadcaster released a show about Hikvision USA centering on fears of Chinese state espionage and cybersecurity vulnerabilities.

    The media reports, both from flagship national broadcasters, cite the recent US government ban on both firms’ products as triggering heightening scrutiny of Hikvision and Dahua equipment worldwide. In this post, we summarize the broadcasts, their immediate impacts, and what they mean for Chinese video manufacturers’ global ambitions.

    Australian Military Removes Hikvision Camera, Says Will Remove All Others

    On September 12, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Australia’s national broadcaster, released an episode titled “Chinese Video Surveillance Network Used by the Australian Government.”

    ABC revealed the presence of a Hikvision camera at the Edinburgh Royal Australian Air Force base. The Australian military considers the Edinburgh base "the centre of the nation's military intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance and electronic warfare capabilities".

    The ABC report caused Australia’s Defence Department to remove the camera. "Should any further cameras be identified they will also be replaced," Defence told the ABC. IPVM confirmed with the ABC that Defence was referring to all Australia's military, not just the Edinburgh base.

    Other ABC Revelations

    ABC also revealed the presence of a Dahua camera at the entrance of an office building housing highly sensitive Australian government agencies, including the Department of Home Affairs (which handles immigration and border control), the attorney general, and an intelligence agency.

    ABC found that this Dahua camera and another had a field of view including the Department of Prime Minister building and other top-level government agencies. ABC also raised concerns about an Australian Federal Police contract with a well-known Hikvision distributor and Hikvision/Dahua equipment in state and local offices and a train station.

    Hikvision Minority Analytics Mentioned / IPVM Cited

    ABC also cited IPVM’s report about Hikvision’s minority analytics and mentioned the company’s alleged complicity in human rights abuses in Xinjiang province, which have resulted in the US government considering separate sanctions.

    Australia-China Spying Context

    For context, it is worth noting that China has a long history of espionage in Australia where it is reportedly "the most active foreign intelligence actor." Due to this history, Australia banned Chinese telecom giant Huawei from taking part in the country’s national 5G rollout and even revamped its national intelligence laws.

    French State TV Covers Hikvision USA

    Two days before ABC’s episode, major French state broadcaster France 2’s Washington bureau released a show about Hikvision’s troubles in the US titled “The USA: Under the Eye of Chinese Cameras.”

    France 2’s report summarized the previous revelation that Hikvision cameras were at the US embassy in Kabul and the subsequent federal purchasing ban of Hikvision products. It also interviewed national security expert James Lewis raising concerns about firmware updates being exploited to access video for intelligence purposes.

    No Mention of Hikvision France

    France 2 did not report anything new that hasn’t been reported elsewhere about Hikvision. Most notably, it did not cover Hikvision or Dahua’s activities in France, which are considerable. As covered by IPVM, the French national police recently signed a contract for over 10,000 body cameras.

    Hidden Camera Used to Get Comments

    Interestingly, France 2 said it was not granted official comment about Chinese state espionage from Hikvision USA, so it asked a Hikvision employee about the issue using a hidden camera.

    The Hikvision employee claimed it was “technically impossible” to send video surveillance footage from Hikvision cameras to China because it would cause existing alarm systems to go off while the Chinese government has much more effective ways of conducting espionage than exploiting security cameras.

    China-France Espionage Background

    Chinese state espionage is less of a national fear in France, which has not banned any Chinese firms from participating in its economy. However, France isn’t immune to such concerns, and recently put two former French spies on trial for treason for allegedly being Chinese double agents.

    Overall Impact: US Government Ban Heightening Scrutiny Worldwide

    The common thread between the ABC and France 2’s reports is that both were centered on the US’ federal purchasing ban of Hikvision and Dahua equipment.

    It is not surprising that following the ban, national security agencies and media organizations around the world are heightening scrutiny of these companies’ products. Although no countries have followed suit yet, it is possible other countries pass bans similar to those of the US, severely hampering Hikvision and Dahua’s global expansion efforts.

    Steep Stock Price Drop

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    Both Dahua and Hikvision suffered steep stock price drops in today's trading, now each at 52-week lows:

    How much of the drop is due to the Australia and France TV investigations vs yesterday's news about the Trump administration considering sanctions against Dahua and Hikvision is difficult to determine. However, the combination of these moves are clearly creating challenges for the companies.

    Comments (16) : PRO Members only. Login. or Join.
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